Kidney Stone Treatment in Kharadi
Urine is produced by the kidneys as they filter waste from the blood. Salts and other minerals in urine may often clump together and form small kidney stones. This can be as small as a sugar crystal or as large as a ping pong ball, but they go unnoticed until they create a blockage. If they break free and push into the ureters, the small ducts that lead to the bladder, they can cause immense pain.
Reasons for Kidney Stone:
While several factors can increase your risk of kidney stones, there is rarely a single cause.
When your urine contains more crystal-forming substances like calcium, oxalate, and uric acid than the fluid in your urine can dilute, kidney stones form. At the same time, your urine can be deficient in substances that prevent crystals from holding together, allowing kidney stones to form.
Signs and Symptoms
A kidney stone normally does not cause symptoms until it travels around within your kidney or passes through your ureters, which are the tubes that bind your kidneys and bladder. If it gets stuck in the ureters, it can obstruct urine flow and cause the kidney to swell and the ureter to spasm, all of which can be extremely painful. You can experience the following signs and symptoms at that time:
Knowing what kind of kidney stone you have will help you figure out what caused it and will also reduce your chances of having more. When you pass a kidney stone, save it if possible so that your doctor can examine it.
Kidney stones come in a variety of shapes and sizes.
- Calcium Kidney Stones: Calcium stones, commonly present in the form of calcium oxalate, that make up the majority of kidney stones. Oxalate is a substance produced by your liver regularly or absorbed from your diet. The oxalate content of certain fruits and vegetables, as well as nuts and chocolate, is high and need to be avoided.
- Dietary factors: high doses of vitamin D, intestinal bypass surgery and several other metabolic disorders can increase the concentration of calcium or oxalate in urine.
- Calcium stones might also occur within the form of phosphate. this kind of stone is more common in metabolic conditions, like renal tubular acidosis. it’s going to be related to certain medications used to treat migraines or seizures, like topiramate (Topamax, Trokendi XR, Qudexy XR).
- Struvite stones: Struvite stones form in response to a tract infection. These stones can grow quickly and become quite large, sometimes with few symptoms or little warning.
- Uric acid stones: These stones can form in people that lose an excessive amount of fluid due to chronic diarrhoea or malabsorption, people who eat a protein-rich diet, and people with diabetes or metabolic syndrome. Certain genetic factors also may increase your risk of uric acid stones.
- Cystine stones: These stones form in people with a hereditary disorder called cystinuria that causes the kidneys to excrete an excessive amount of specific amino acid.
Factors that increase your risk of developing kidney stones include:
- Family or personal history: If someone in your family has had kidney stones, you’re more likely to develop stones, too. If you’ve already had one or more kidney stones, you’re at increased risk of developing another.
- Dehydration: Not drinking enough water every day can increase your risk of kidney stones. those who stay in warm, dry climates and also those who sweat plenty could also be at higher risk than others.
- Certain diets: Eating a diet that’s high in protein, sodium (salt) and sugar may increase your risk of some sorts of kidney stones. this is often very true with a high-sodium diet. an excessive amount of salt in your diet increases the quantity of calcium your kidneys must filter and significantly increases your risk of kidney stones.
- Obesity: High body mass index (BMI), large waist size and weight gain is linked to an increased risk of kidney stones.
- Digestive diseases and surgery: Gastric bypass surgery, inflammatory bowel disease or chronic diarrhoea can cause changes within the digestive process that affect your absorption of calcium and water, increasing the amounts of stone-forming substances in your urine.
- Other medical conditions like renal tubular acidosis, cystinuria, hyperparathyroidism and repeated UTI infections can also increase your risk of kidney stones.
- Certain supplements and medications, like vitamin C, dietary supplements, laxatives (when used excessively), calcium-based antacids, and certain medications wont to treat migraines or depression, can increase your risk of kidney stones.